Spelling -ing

     The following is a guide to the correct spelling of –ing forms of verbs and gerunds. The general rule when changing a verb into...

    

The following is a guide to the correct spelling of –ing forms of verbs and gerunds.
The general rule when changing a verb into its -ING form is just to add -ING to the end of the verb.
Infinitive
ING form
to feel
feeling
to go
going
to work
working
to sleep
sleeping
  • She wasn't feeling very well.
  • He is working on a new project.
  • The children are sleeping so be quiet.
Spelling exceptions
The following exceptions exist when spelling words ending in ING:
- If the verb ends in an E we remove the E and add ING.
Infinitive
ING form
to live
living
to have
having
to make
making
to take
taking
  • People are living longer now than they were 100 years ago.
  • We are making a chocolate cake.
  • He was taking his time to get ready.
- If the verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the final consonant and add ING.
Infinitive
ING form
to stop
stopping
to sit
sitting
to plan
planning
to get
getting
to swim
swimming
  • The policeman is stopping the traffic.
  • We are planning a surprise party for our teacher.
  • I think I am getting a cold.
- If a two-syllable verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we do not double the final consonant when the stress is on the first syllable.
Infinitive
ING form
to happen
happening
to enter
entering
to offer
offering
to suffer
suffering
  • What is happening?
  • They are offering a discount.
  • Many people are suffering from a lack of food and water.
- But, we do not double the final consonant when the verb ends in W, X or Y or when the final syllable is not emphasized.
Infinitive
ING form
to fix
fixing
to enjoy
enjoying
to snow
snowing
  • He fixing his bike.
  • We are enjoying this great weather.
  • It's snowing outside.
- If the verb ends in IE we change it to YING.
Infinitive
ING form
to lie
lying
to die
dying
to tie
tying
  • I know you are lying to me!
  • You should water your plant more because I think it is dying.
  • The little boy is tying his shoelaces.
-  If the verb ends in consonant + vowel + L, we normally double the final L and add ING.
Note: In the United States (US) they do not double the L when the accent is on the first syllable.
Infinitive
ING form
(UK)
ING form
(US)
to travel
travelling
traveling
to marvel
marvelling
marveling
  • I have been travelling around South America for 6 months.
  • He was marvelling at her beauty.
- If the verb ends in a stressed vowel + R, we double the final R and add ING.
Infinitive
ING form
refer
referring
defer
deferring
  • Are you referring to this one or that one?
  • They are thinking of deferring payment of their mortgage.
- If the verb ends in an unstressed vowel + R, we do not double the final R and add ING.
Infinitive
ING form
to offer
offering
to suffer
suffering
to whisper
whispering
  • I am offering you a special deal.
  • He is now suffering the consequences of his actions.
  • I wonder what he is whispering in her ear.
Try this exercise and learn.

COMMENTS

Name

-ing 1º ESO 2º ESO 3º ESO 4º ESO ACTIVITIES ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY already & yet Celebrations COMPARISON determiners ever & never expressions do and make for & since Future games gerunds or infinitive have got how much/ how many? Irregular verbs just modals must must/should numbers object pronouns order of adjectives passive voice past continuous past perfect Past perfect simple Past simple past simple & past continuous present continuous present perfect & past simple Present Perfect simple present simple present simple & present continuous pronounciation pronouns REFUERZO 3º ESO REFUERZO 4º ESO regular verbs relative pronouns Reported Speech REVIEWS some & any some & any compounds Song there is/are there was/were time prepositions too & enough VIDEOS VOCABULARY wh-questions writing
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Inglés Secundaria CPI de Panxón: Spelling -ing
Spelling -ing
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Inglés Secundaria CPI de Panxón
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